Fundamentals 7: Covered Calls

A covered call option is a popular strategy that combines stock ownership with options trading. In simple terms, it involves selling a call option on a stock you already own. By doing so, you generate income, known as the premium, from the option buyer. In return, you agree to sell your shares at a predetermined price, known as the strike price, should the option buyer decide to exercise their right.

Benefits of Covered Call Options

Covered call options offer several advantages for investors. Firstly, they provide an opportunity to generate additional income through the premiums received. Secondly, they can be utilized to offset potential losses or enhance returns on existing stock holdings. Lastly, they can help manage risk by providing a degree of downside protection through the income received from the premiums.


Let’s say you own 100 shares of Company X, currently trading at $50 per share. You believe the stock’s price will remain relatively stable in the near future but don’t expect significant upward movement. By selling a covered call option, you can generate additional income while limiting your potential upside.

You decide to sell a call option contract with a strike price of $55 that expires in 30 days. An option buyer pays you a premium of $2 per share, totaling $200 for all 100 shares.

If the stock price remains below $55 by the expiration date, the option buyer won’t exercise the option, and you’ll keep the premium as profit. In this scenario, you earn an additional $200, regardless of whether the stock price changes.

However, if the stock price rises above $55 and the option buyer decides to exercise the option, you are obligated to sell your 100 shares at $55 per share. While you miss out on potential gains above $55, you still retain the premium earned, which acts as a buffer against potential losses.

Covered call options provide a flexible and straightforward strategy for investors looking to generate additional income or manage risk. By combining stock ownership with options trading, you can create a potential stream of income while maintaining some downside protection. Remember, it’s essential to thoroughly understand the risks and rewards associated with covered call options before implementing this strategy. With careful consideration and practice, this tool can become a valuable addition to your financial arsenal.


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